A while ago I blogged about my experience with the new automatic installer in Solaris 11 and my special setup in which I refused to use a DHCP service because DHCP is simply something we do not use in our datacenter. That particular blog post has been one of my most popular (by visits) so this must be something that other admins experience aswell.
One of the issues I came across was that while you can easily specify IP, gateway and installation server on the commandline without DHCP, the install will break at a point where it needs to install some packages from ‘pkg.oracle.com’ but could not resolve that name due to a lack of DNS servers being set up. I described a rather tedious workaround in that post but came up with something a little better today.
We can simply add the IP address for that server to the /etc/hosts file before it gets accessed and this will let the installer continue quite nicely. In order to do this we need to logon to the system (The password for the root user is ‘solaris’ at this stage) before it tries to download additional packages and set the entry. So when you see this message, logon and issue the ‘echo’ command like this:
Automated Installation started The progress of the Automated Installation will be output to the console Detailed logging is in the logfile at /system/volatile/install_log Press RETURN to get a login prompt at any time. solaris console login: root Password: Mar 28 09:27:41 solaris login: ROOT LOGIN /dev/console Oracle Corporation SunOS 5.11 11.0 November 2011 root@solaris:~# echo "126.96.36.199 pkg.oracle.com" >> /etc/hosts root@solaris:~# logout
And that was that. I received yet another error that started like this:
09:28:55 solaris 09:28:55 origin: http://pkg.oracle.com/solaris/release/ 09:29:50 Error occurred during execution of 'generated-transfer-1164-1' checkpoint. 09:29:50 Failed Checkpoints: 09:29:50 09:29:50 generated-transfer-1164-1 09:29:50 09:29:50 Checkpoint execution error: 09:29:50 09:29:50 No solution was found to satisfy constraints 09:29:50 09:29:50 maintained incorporations: None 09:29:51 09:29:51 09:29:51 Plan Creation: dependency error(s) in proposed packages: 09:29:51 09:29:51 No suitable version of required package pkg://firstname.lastname@example.org,5.11-0.175.1.0.0.24.2:20120919T184409Z found: 09:29:51 Reject: pkg://email@example.com,5.11-0.175.1.0.0.24.2:20120919T184409Z 09:29:51 Reason: All versions matching 'group' dependency pkg:/system/file-system/nfs are rejected 09:29:51 Reject: pkg://firstname.lastname@example.org,5.11-0.151.0.1:20101105T001808Z 09:29:51 pkg://email@example.com,5.11-0.175.0.0.0.2.1:20111019T072120Z 09:29:51 pkg://firstname.lastname@example.org,5.11-0.175.0.10.1.0.0:20120918T163025Z 09:29:51 Reason: Excluded by proposed incorporation 'consolidation/osnet/osnet-incorporation' 09:29:51 Reject: pkg://email@example.com,5.11-0.175.1.0.0.24.2:20120919T184829Z 09:29:51 Reason: Installed version in root image is too old for origin dependency %s
This is due to my AI environment being way old. I did not recreate this since the last time I played with this. The simple solution to this is to delete and re-create the AI service like this:
sol11-install ~ # installadm delete-service s11-sparc -r WARNING: The service you are deleting, or a dependent alias, is the alias for the default sparc service. Without the 'default-sparc' service, sparc clients will fail to boot unless explicitly assigned to a service using the create-client command. Are you sure you want to delete this alias? [y/N]: y Stopping the service default-sparc Stopping the service s11-sparc The installadm SMF service is being taken offline. The installadm SMF service is no longer online because the last install service has been disabled or deleted. sol11-install ~ # installadm create-service -a sparc -n s11-sparc Creating service from: pkg:/install-image/solaris-auto-install OK to use default image path: /export/auto_install/s11-sparc? [y/N]: y DOWNLOAD PKGS FILES XFER (MB) SPEED Completed 1/1 45/45 272.0/272.0 406k/s PHASE ITEMS Installing new actions 188/188 Updating package state database Done Updating image state Done Creating fast lookup database Done Reading search index Done Updating search index 1/1 Creating sparc service: s11-sparc Image path: /export/auto_install/s11-sparc Service discovery fallback mechanism set up Creating SPARC configuration file Refreshing install services Creating default-sparc alias Service discovery fallback mechanism set up Creating SPARC configuration file No local DHCP configuration found. This service is the default alias for all SPARC clients. If not already in place, the following should be added to the DHCP configuration: Boot file: http://192.168.42.52:5555/cgi-bin/wanboot-cgi Refreshing install services